By Mehler, Andreas.; Melber, Henning.; Walraven, Klaas van
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Additional info for Africa Yearbook. Vol. 5, Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2008
On 1 May, the US launched an air strike in Somalia’s Galgaduud region, killing the military commander of the radical jihadist ‘al-Shabaab’ movement. ‘Al-Shabaab’ issued threats of revenge and began to interrogate aid workers suspected of being spies for the US. On 29 October, a series of suicide bombings in Hargeisa and Bossaso killed more than 25 people. Those attacks were not attributed to a particular organisation. While the US blamed al-Qaida, Somaliland accused the ‘al-Shabaab’ militias. AQIM increased its activity in West Africa in 2008.
The global food and fuel crises complicated ongoing humanitarian operations. 4 bn to respond to the world’s most severe crises for the rest of the year. 5 bn by mid-year. 95 bn) and also Zimbabwe (up $ 78 m to $ 394 m). 6 bn, equal to 46% of funding requirements, an improvement over mid-year levels in the past two years. In September, UN agencies such as OCHA, WFP and UNDP expanded their relief efforts across West Africa. Rising floodwaters displaced hundreds of thousands of people in Togo, Ghana, Niger, Benin, Mali, Burkina Faso and Senegal.
It also indicated some acknowledgment of the African position that when the AU authorises peace and security interventions, this is on behalf of the wider international community. The Security Council stressed on 14 January that better joint AU-UN strategies for conflict prevention were necessary. The Department of Political Affairs (DPA), within the framework of the ‘Declaration on Enhancing UN-AU Cooperation: Framework for the Ten-Year Capacity-Building Programme for the African Union’, held a firstever ‘desk- to-desk’ consultation with the AU Commission.