By Margaret D. LeCompte University of Colorado Boulder, Jean J. Schensul Institute for Community Research
Treating research as either a mechanical and a cognitive approach, ebook five starts via describing why research and interpretation of information are helpful. within the first chapters the ebook issues out the significance of starting ethnographic research within the box, in the course of the earliest phases of knowledge assortment, and the way to maneuver among induction and deduction, the concrete and the summary, in a strategy knowledgeable via an rising and more and more sophisticated conceptual version. the center part tackles the problem of reworking large piles of textual content, audio, and visible info into
an ethnographic complete via universal and particular coding and quantification of qualitative information, utilizing a number of prolonged examples. Chapters convey how you can use pcs in research of qualitative facts and how you can combine the result of quantitative and qualitative facts right into a finished photo of a fancy complete. bankruptcy nine offers a unprecedented and complete description of the statistics
regularly utilized by ethnographers to investigate ethnographic surveys. Chapters 10 and eleven exhibit how researchers create after which fine-tune initial effects into an built-in complete, exhibit them for a number of audiences, and write them up. the ultimate bankruptcy illustrates how ethnographers can proportion the which means of effects with neighborhood groups and elements and with different specialist researchers.
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Additional info for Analysis and interpretation of ethnographic data : a mixed methods approach
Those seeking local explanations include: ■ ■ ■ ■ Definition: Analysis describes what has been found Definition: Interpretation explains the findings Why are people acting like this? What is the meaning of these activities to them? How did this event or condition come to be? What congruity between contemporary and historical actors contributes to people’s actions? indb 23 8/21/12 1:08 PM 24 C HAP T E R 1 ■ ■ ■ ■ What is missing from the picture? What else do we need to know? ” How can we explain the existence of these differences?
The case example above presents what we call stages one and two of the analysis process; these are discussed in more detail below. WHAT IS INTERPRETATION? HOW RESEARCH RESULTS BECOME COMPLETED ETHNOGRAPHIES Results such as those presented above do not just speak for themselves. indb 16 C HAP T E R 1 to answer. This means giving them meaning that squares with both what makes sense to the research participants and the researcher, and also with what is relevant in both the larger community and the social science disciplines.
The process, however, also revealed much about values and existence in the village (Bowen 1954). indb 32 As Bohannon learned, the process of inscription involves learning to notice what is important to other people and what one hasn’t been trained to see, and then writing it down. “Writing it down,” however, inevitably is done at least to some degree through the lens of the 8/21/12 1:08 PM 33 A NA LYS I S I N TH E F I E LD ethnographer, who writes things down or inscribes them from his or her own frame of reference.